Conditions

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Barth Syndrome

Barth syndrome is a rare, sex-linked genetic disorder of lipid metabolism that affects males. Typically, boys with Barth syndrome present with hypotonia (low muscle tone) and dilated cardiomyopathy (labored breathing, poor appetite and/or slow weight gain) at or within the first few months after birth.

Behavioral Disorders/Self Injurious Behavior

Common forms of SIB include, but are not limited to, head-hitting, head-banging and hand-biting. In the most severe cases, SIB can result in retinal detachment, blindness, broken bones, bleeding or death. SIB is displayed by 10 to 15 percent of individuals with autism and intellectual disabilities....

Birth Defects

Of about 120,000 U.S. babies born each year with a birth defect, 8,000 die during their first year of life. In addition, birth defects are the fifth-leading cause of years of potential life lost, and contribute substantially to childhood morbidity and long-term disability. Because the causes of...

Brachial Plexus Injury (BPI)

Most pediatric BPIs occur during the birthing process. Other causes of BPIs include motor vehicle accidents, sports injuries and gunshot wounds. The most severe type of injury is avulsion. Avulsion is caused when the nerve root is pulled out from the spinal cord. If only part of the nerve is pulled,...

Brain Injury (BI)

A brain injury can be caused by a trauma, loss of oxygen, stroke, toxic exposure, tumors, infection, or brain surgery. The impact can be subtle or mild to significant, and may result in short-term or long-term impairment. Examples, Synonyms for Brain Injury: Traumatic Brain Injury (and Concussion)...

Brain Malformations

These problems in brain structure are almost often (with some exceptions) associated with neurological and developmental problems. In general, the more severe the structural problems, the more severe the effects. The problems resulting from brain malformations are variable and require careful...

Brain Tumors

Many different types of brain tumors arise in children, and the specific type and location of a tumor greatly influences its effects on brain function and approaches to treatment. Surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy are the principal treatments for brain tumors. New safer and more effective...