Barth Syndrome

Barth syndrome is a rare, sex-linked genetic disorder of lipid metabolism that affects males. Typically, boys with Barth syndrome show hypotonia (low muscle tone) and dilated cardiomyopathy (labored breathing, poor appetite and/or slow weight gain) at or within the first few months after birth.

Batten Diseases

Batten diseases are rare, inherited diseases that affect the nervous system and functioning of the brain.

Behavioral Disorders/Self Injurious Behavior

Common forms of SIB include, but are not limited to, head-hitting, head-banging and hand-biting. In the most severe cases, SIB can result in retinal detachment, blindness, broken bones, bleeding or death. SIB is displayed by 10 to 15 percent of individuals with autism and intellectual disabilities...

Birth Defects

Of about 120,000 U.S. babies born each year with a birth defect, 8,000 die during their first year of life. In addition, birth defects are the fifth-leading cause of years of potential life lost, and contribute substantially to childhood morbidity and long-term disability. Because the causes of...

Brachial Plexus Injury

Brachial plexus injuries can occur during childbirth; they can also result from auto or motorcycle accidents. Learn about the condition and treatment options.

Brain Injury (BI)

A brain injury can be caused by a trauma, loss of oxygen, stroke, toxic exposure, tumors, infection, or brain surgery. The impact can be subtle or mild to significant, and may result in short-term or long-term impairment. Examples, Synonyms for Brain Injury: Traumatic Brain Injury (and Concussion)...

Brain Malformations

Brain malformations are conditions in which the brain has not formed properly during pregnancy.

Brain Tumors

Many different types of brain tumors arise in children, and the specific type and location of a tumor greatly influences its effects on brain function and approaches to treatment. Surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy are the principal treatments for brain tumors. New safer and more effective...