Albert Recio, M.D., R.P.T., P.T.R.P.'s picture
Physician, Paralysis Restoration Program, International Center for Spinal Cord Injury (ICSCI)
Phone: 443-923-9227
Kennedy Krieger Institute

801 N. Broadway
Baltimore, MD 21205
United States

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Dr. Albert Recio is a physician in the paralysis restoration program at the International Center for Spinal Cord Injury (ICSCI), and the medical director for the aquatics medicine program at Kennedy Krieger Institute. He is also an assistant professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation at The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.


Born in the Philippines, Dr. Recio graduated cum laude-first place with his medical degree in 1997 from the Perpetual Help College of Medicine in Biñan, Laguna. He undertook his internship training at the Perpetual Help Medical Center from 1997-1998. At Jackson Park Hospital in Chicago, Illinois from 2002-2003, Dr. Recio completed his general internship.

While at the Harvard Medical School/Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts from 2003-2006, he completed his residency in physical medicine and rehabilitation. From there, he completed a year-long clinical fellowship in spinal cord injury medicine at University of Washington/VA-Puget Sound Health Care System in Seattle, Washington in 2007.

Before earning his medical degree, Dr. Recio worked as a licensed physical therapist from 1990-1993 at the Sarah Bush Lincoln Health Center in Mattoon, Illinois. Since 1997, Dr. Albert Recio has been a volunteer physician for medical missions in the Republic of the Philippines. From 2003 to 2006, he was a contributing editor to Harvard Medical School/Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital’s rehabilitation and review monthly journal.

For two years he was also a contributing editor to the pain rounds website, until 2007. Dr. Recio served as a clinical scientific peer reviewer for the New York State Spinal Cord Injury Research Board, the Journal of International Medicine, the Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, the American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and the Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science.

In 2005 he won the Best Paper Presentation at the third world congress of the International Society of Physical Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM) in Sao Paolo, Brazil for his paper titled Post-Stroke Depression: Medication and Rehabilitation. Dr. Albert Recio has been the recipient of the Josefina Laperal Tamayo Award for Excellence, Community Service Award, the Perpetual Help Medical Center Loyalty Award, the Dean’s Gold Medal Award and Academic Scholarship Award. For his 2005 paper titled Fertilized Duck Egg (Balut) and Cholesterol, he won Best Paper Presentation at the Asian Medical Students' Conference in Hong Kong.

Other professional honors include being named one of the Best Doctors in America 2013 & 2014. He was also named one of America's Top Physicians in 2010, 2012 & 2015 and Patient’s Choice Award in 2010 & 2011. In 2014 & 2016, he was awarded the Leader in Spinal Cord Injury Care by the International Center for Spinal Cord Injury at Kennedy Krieger.


Dr. Recio's research interests center on activity-based restoration therapies (ABRT). In an effort to provide patients with long-term spinal cord injuries or paralysis greater independence, his research evaluates the ability of ABRT to help patients recover neurological sensation and physical movement. Dr. Recio's field of interest also includes electrical stimulation in the treatment of recalcitrant pressure wounds and the use of functional electrical stimulation (FES) to activate nerves innervating extremities affected by paralysis resulting from spinal cord injury (SCI).

Since 2010, Dr. Recio has piloted the Virtual Sailing Simulator Research Program which allows individuals with disabilities to participate in real time “ride on” virtual sailing that has the potential to bridge the gap between dry land and on-the-water adaptive sailing by providing a realistic, safe, and easily supervised medium in which non-sailor patients can easily learn the required skills before venturing on the water.

In 2013, Dr. Recio started researching the long term effects of Transverse Myelitis (TM).  Transverse Myelitis is an inflammatory event within the spinal cord that commonly leads to weakness, numbness, loss of bowel or bladder function and often, paralysis. Alongside the TM advocacy group, and multiple institutions in North America that treat patients with TM, Dr. Recio is collecting real-time data about the outcomes in pediatric TM. At this time, there is limited literature in aiding outcome predictions for the pediatric TM population. 

Research Studies

  • Adults, ages 18-55, with spinal cord injury who want to learn how to sail
  • Pediatric Transverse Myelitis CAPTURE Study
  • Assessment and Treatment of Sacral Wounds

Related Links

Elsevier Fingerprint Engine Profile for Albert Recio

Google Scholar Profile

Research Publications

Rojhani S, Stiens SA, Recio AC (2016). Independent sailing with high tetraplegia using sip and puff controls: integration into a community sailing center. J Spinal Cord Med. , 1-10.