Too often, bone loss, low bone mass, or systemic bone disorders go unrecognized and undiagnosed, while rehabilitation efforts can seem to lose ground as quickly as it's gained. The Bone Disorders Program's mission is to effectively treat children and young adults with bone disorders, allowing patients to go on to resume their normal lives.

Throughout our careers, we've watched as children and young adults with a range of injuries or disorders have overcome significant challenges during rehabilitation. The journey to regain abilities and function can be a slow one, and certain individuals seem to face more roadblocks than others. In some cases, their progress is slowed or stalled by underlying and sometimes overlooked bone related disorders that can result in painful fractures and other skeletal complications that inhibit recovery and care.

Over the years, the Kennedy Krieger Institute has made important strides in treating Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI), or brittle bone disease, and the OI Clinic at Kennedy Krieger Institute is recognized internationally as a major center for the treatment of this and related diseases. Our OI and bone specialists -- in accordance with the unique mission of the Institute -- also work as part of interdisciplinary teams treating children and young adults with a wide range of injuries and disorders of the brain and spinal cord.

Who We Are:

The Bone Center at Kennedy Krieger Institute provides a comprehensive approach to the diagnosis and treatment of bone disorders in children and adults, providing a solid foundation for patient care. Our team of experts uses the latest advances in the measurement of bone density and new therapeutic treatment options.

Who We Serve:

The Bone Disorders Program sees patients with a variety of disorders and diagnoses, including:

  • Idiopathic osteoporosis in children and young adults
  • Unexplained frequent fracgure syndromes
  • Osteopenia due to glucocorticoid use, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, spinal cord injury, immobilization, post-chemotherapy or celiac disease
  • Mineral disorders such as vitamin D deficiency, hypophosphatasia and hypophosphatemic syndromes
  • Genetic disorders such as osteogenesis imperfecta, fibrous dysplasia and Rett syndrome

Our Team:

Patient care is provided by an interdisciplinary team that comprises of specialists below in the following fields:

  • Clinical genetics
  • Genetic counseling
  • Orthopedics
  • Physical medicine and rehabilitation
  • Physical therapy

Our Treatment Approach:

We are equipped with the latest technology, which allows us to offer a variety of diagnostic services, including:

  • Complete bone density assessment
  • Analysis of bone biomarkers (serum CTx, osteocalcin, bone specific alkaline phosphatase)
  • Genetic DNA analysis using multiple state-of-the-art technologies

We offer a variety of treatment options:

  • Nutritional modification
  • Appropriate calcium and vitamin supplementation
  • Oral and intravenous bisphosphonates
  • Forteo® (teriparatide)
  • Physical therapy

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