James R.

James R. Christensen, M.D.'s picture
Associate Professor (Part-time), Pediatric Rehabilitation
Phone: 443-923-9440
Kennedy Krieger Institute

707 N. Broadway
Baltimore, MD 21205
United States


Dr. James Christensen is a research scientist at the Kennedy Krieger Institute. He is also an associate professor (part-time) of physical medicine and rehabilitation and pediatrics at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.


Dr. Christensen attended Nebraska Wesleyan University before attending medical school at the University of Nebraska. He came to Johns Hopkins in 1975 for a residency in pediatrics, and completed a fellowship in developmental pediatrics at KKI. Dr. Christensen also completed the Sinai-Johns Hopkins physical medicine and rehabilitation residency in 1992. Dr. Christensen twice received the Golden Goniometer Award (from the Sinai-Johns Hopkins Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation residents) for recognition of outstanding teaching by a faculty member. Previously, he was vice president of Pediatric Rehabilitation and the director of the Rehabilitation Continuum of Care at Kennedy Krieger Institute.


Dr. Christensen studies the outcome of traumatic and other acquired brain injuries, including clinical predictors of long-term outcome, and the effect of interventions during acute hospitalization. He was a co-investigator in a multicenter study evaluating the effects of therapeutic hypothermia after pediatric cardiac arrest.

To facilitate the measurement of outcome, Dr. Christensen has collaborated with other research scientists and clinicians at Kennedy Krieger Institute to develop scales which measure progress during the rehabilitation process. He also is interested in models of care for the delivery of rehabilitation services to children with acute brain injuries. Under his previous direction, the Kennedy Krieger Institute Rehabilitation Program developed a unique rehabilitation continuum of care, with the ability to provide acute, intense, coordinated rehabilitation services in three settings: the hospital, a day-hospital program set in an education setting and in the community, all under one case management umbrella.

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Related Publications

Meert KL, Guerguerian AM, Barbaro R, Slomine BSChristensen JR, Berger J, Topjian A, Bembea M, Tabbutt S, Fink EL, Schwartz SM, Nadkarni VM, Telford R, Dean JM, Moler FW; Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest (THAPCA) Trial Investigators.  Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: One-Year Survival and Neurobehavioral Outcome Among Infants and Children With In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Crit Care Med. 2019 Mar;47(3):393-402.

Meert KL, Delius R, Slomine BSChristensen JR, Page K, Holubkov R, Dean JM, Moler FW; Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Trial Investigators.  One-Year Survival and Neurologic Outcomes After Pediatric Open-Chest Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.  The Annals of thoracic surgery 2018, 107 (5), 1441-1446.

Moler FW, Silverstein FS, Nadkarni VM, Meert KL, Shah SH, Slomine BChristensen J, Holubkov R, Page K, Dean JM; THAPCA Trial Investigators.  Pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Time to goal target temperature and outcomes.  Resuscitation. 2019 Feb;135:88-97.

Christensen JR, Slomine BS, Silverstein FS, Page K, Holubkov R, Dean JM, Moler FW; Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest (THAPCA) Trial Investigators.  Cardiac Arrest Outcomes in Children With Preexisting Neurobehavioral Impairment.  Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2019 20 (6), 510-517.  PMID:  30807545

Meert K, Slomine BS, Silverstein FS, Christensen J, Ichord R, Telford R, Holubkov R, Dean JM, Moler FW; Therapeutic Hypothermia after Paediatric Cardiac Arrest (THAPCA) Trial Investigators.  One-year cognitive and neurologic outcomes in survivors of paediatric extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation.  Resuscitation. 2019 Feb 25. pii: S0300-9572(19)30042-5. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.02.023. [Epub ahead of print]  PMID:  30818016

Scholefield BR, Silverstein FS, Telford R, Holubkov R, Slomine BS, Meert KL, Christensen JR, Nadkarni VM, Dean JM, Moler FW.  Therapeutic Hypothermia after Paediatric Cardiac Arrest:  Pooled Randomized Controlled Trials. Resuscitation 2018; 133:101-107. PMID:  30291883

Slomine BS, Silverstein FS, Christensen JR, Page K, Holubkov R, Dean JM, Moler FW.  (2018) Neuropsychological Outcomes of Children 1 Year After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest:  Secondary Analysis of 2 Randomized Clinical Trials. JAMA Neurol. 75 (12), 1502-1510.

Cornell TT, Selewski DT, Alten JA, Askenazi D, Fitzgerald JC, Topjian A, Holubkov R, Page K, Slomine BS, Christensen JR, Dean JM, Moler FW.  (2018) Acute kidney injury after out of hospital pediatric cardiac arrest. Resuscitation. 131:63-68.

Ichord R, Silverstein FS, Slomine BS, Telford R, Christensen J, Holubkov R, Dean JM, Moler FW; THAPCA Trial Group.  (2018) Neurologic outcomes in pediatric cardiac arrest survivors enrolled in the THAPCA trials. Neurology. 10;91(2),e123-e131.

Slomine BS, Silverstein FS, Christensen JR, Holubkov R, Telford R, Dean JM, Moler FW, Therapeutic Hypothermia after Paediatric Cardiac Arrest (THAPCA) Trial Investigators. (2018). Neurobehavioural outcomes in children after In-Hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation. 124, 80-89.

Silverstein FS, Slomine BSChristensen J, Holubkov R, Page K, Dean JM, Moler FW, Therapeutic Hypothermia to Improve Survival After Cardiac Arrest Trial Group. (2016). Functional Outcome Trajectories After Out-of-Hospital Pediatric Cardiac Arrest. Crit Care Med. 44(12), e1165-e1174. 

Moler FW, Hutchison JS, Nadkarni VM, Silverstein FS, Meert KL, Holubkov R, Page K, Slomine BSChristensen JR, Dean JM, Therapeutic Hypothermia After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital Trial Investigators (2016). Targeted Temperature Management After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Due To Drowning: Outcomes and Complications. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 17(8), 712-720.

Meert KL, Slomine BSChristensen JR, Telford R, Holubkov R, Dean JM, Moler FW, Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Trial Investigators (2016). Family Burden After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Children. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 17(6), 498-507.

Slomine BS, Silverstein FS, Christensen JR, Holubkov R, Page K, Dean JM, Moler FW, THAPCA Trial Group (2016). Neurobehavioral Outcomes in Children After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Pediatrics. 137(4), .

Moler FW, Silverstein FS, Holubkov R, Slomine BSChristensen JR, Nadkarni VM, Meert KL, Clark AE, Browning B, Pemberton VL, Page K, Shankaran S, Hutchison JS, Newth CJ, Bennett KS, Berger JT, Topjian A, Pineda JA, Koch JD, Schleien CL, Dalton HJ, Ofori-Amanfo G, Goodman DM, Fink EL, McQuillen P, Zimmerman JJ, Thomas NJ, van der Jagt EW, Porter MB, Meyer MT, Harrison R, Pham N, Schwarz AJ, Nowak JE, Alten J, Wheeler DS, Bhalala US, Lidsky K, Lloyd E, Mathur M, Shah S, Wu T, Theodorou AA, Sanders RC Jr, Dean JM, THAPCA Trial Investigators (2015). Therapeutic hypothermia after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in children. N Engl J Med. 372(20), 1898-908.

Holubkov R, Clark AE, Moler FW, Slomine BSChristensen JR, Silverstein FS, Meert KL, Pollack MM, Dean JM (2015). Efficacy outcome selection in the therapeutic hypothermia after pediatric cardiac arrest trials. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 16(1), 1-10.

Trovato MK, Bradley E, Slomine BSSalorio CFChristensen JRSuskauer SJ (2013). Physical Abilities and Mobility Scale: reliability and validity in children receiving inpatient rehabilitation for acquired brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 94(7), 1335-41.

Maynard CS, Amari A, Wieczorek B, Christensen JRSlifer KJ (2010). Interdisciplinary behavioral rehabilitation of pediatric pain-associated disability: retrospective review of an inpatient treatment protocol. J Pediatr Psychol. 35(2), 128-37.

Maynard CS, Amari A, Wieczorek B, Christensen JRSlifer KJ (2010). Response to the commentary: A worldwide call for multimodal inpatient treatment for children and adolescents suffering from chronic pain and pain-related disability. J Pediatr Psychol. 35(2), 141-3.

Gerring JPGrados MASlomine BChristensen JRSalorio CF, Cole WR, Vasa RA (2009). Disruptive behaviour disorders and disruptive symptoms after severe paediatric traumatic brain injury. Brain Inj. 23(12), 944-55.

Cole WR, Gerring JP, Gray RM, Vasa RASalorio CFGrados MChristensen JRSlomine BS(2008). Prevalence of aggressive behaviour after severe paediatric traumatic brain injury.Brain Inj. 22(12), 932-9.

Salorio CFSlomine BS, Guerguerian AM, Christensen JR, White JR, Natale JE, Shaffner DH, Grados MAVasa RAGerring JP (2008). Intensive care unit variables and outcome after pediatric traumatic brain injury: a retrospective study of survivors. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 9(1), 47-53.

Slomine BS, McCarthy ML, Ding R, MacKenzie EJ, Jaffe KM, Aitken ME, Durbin DR, Christensen JR, Dorsch AM, Paidas CN, CHAT Study Group (2006). Health care utilization and needs after pediatric traumatic brain injury. Pediatrics. 117(4), e663-74.

Parsons GN, Siberry GK, Parsons JK, Christensen JR, Joyner ML, Lee SL, Kiefner CM, Hutton N (2006). Multidisciplinary, inpatient directly observed therapy for HIV-1-infected children and adolescents failing HAART: A retrospective study. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 20(4), 275-84.

McCarthy ML, MacKenzie EJ, Durbin DR, Aitken ME, Jaffe KM, Paidas CN, Slomine BS, Dorsch AM, Christensen JR, Ding R, Children's Health After Trauma Study Group (2006). Health-related quality of life during the first year after traumatic brain injury. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 160(3), 252-60.

McCarthy ML, MacKenzie EJ, Durbin DR, Aitken ME, Jaffe KM, Paidas CN, Slomine BS, Dorsch AM, Berk RA, Christensen JR, Ding R, CHAT Study Group (2005). The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory: an evaluation of its reliability and validity for children with traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 86(10), 1901-9. 

Salorio CFSlomine BSGrados MAVasa RAChristensen JRGerring JP (2005). Neuroanatomic correlates of CVLT-C performance following pediatric traumatic brain injury. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 11(6), 686-96.

Slomine BSSalorio CFGrados MAVasa RAChristensen JRGerring JP (2005). Differences in attention, executive functioning, and memory in children with and without ADHD after severe traumatic brain injury. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 11(5), 645-53.

Slomine BS, Brintzenhofeszoc K, Salorio CFWarren L, Wieczorek BH, Carney J, Moore DA, Christensen JR (2004). A method for performance evaluation using WeeFIM data collected for the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations' ORYX initiative: The 0.5 band control chart analysis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 85(3), 512-6.

Slomine BSGerring JPGrados MAVasa R, Brady KD, Christensen JRDenckla MB (2002). Performance on measures of executive function following pediatric traumatic brain injury. Brain Inj. 16(9), 759-72.

Vasa RAGerring JPGrados MSlomine BChristensen JR, Rising W, Denckla MB, Riddle MA (2002). Anxiety after severe pediatric closed head injury. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 41(2), 148-56.

Gerring JPSlomine BVasa RAGrados M, Chen A, Rising W, Christensen JRDenckla MB, Ernst M (2002). Clinical predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder after closed head injury in children. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 41(2), 157-65.

Pidcock FS, Wise JM, Christensen JR (2002). Treatment of severe post-traumatic bruxism with botulinum toxin-A: case report. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 60(1), 115-7.