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Leadership Behaviors of Health Professionals and the Associations with Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Health Promotion for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities

Principal Investigator:
Harolyn
Belcher

This study, using quantitative survey methodology, will assess health professionals working in University Centers for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities (UCEDD) to measure leadership behaviors and health promotion practices. The outcome variables are knowledge, attitudes, and practices of these professionals influenced by leadership behaviors, professional discipline, and years post licensure. The study will address the following aim, research questions, and hypotheses:

The overarching aim of the study is to analyze the association between leadership behaviors of UCEDD professionals’ and their knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health promotion for persons with developmental disabilities.

Q1: Are leadership constructs a predictor of UCEDD professionals’ knowledge, attitude, and practice of health promotion for persons with developmental disabilities?

  • H-1: There is a positive association between transformational leadership behaviors and knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health professionals in health promotion activities for persons with developmental disabilities.
  • H-2: Transformational leadership will yield higher knowledge, attitudes, and practices compared to other leadership behaviors within this construct.

Q2: Is discipline a predictor of UCEDD professionals’ knowledge, attitude, and practice of health promotion for persons with developmental disabilities?

  • H-3: Non-physician disciplines will have a higher degree of association between transformational leadership and knowledge, attitudes, and practices in health promotion activities for persons with developmental disabilities.

Q3: Do years post licensure have an impact on UCEDD professionals’ knowledge, attitude, and practice of health promotion for persons with developmental disabilities?

  • H-4: Fewer years post licensure will have a higher degree of association between transformational leadership and knowledge, attitudes, and practices in health promotion activities for persons with developmental disabilities.

Health professionals at UCEDDs—specialty physicians (developmental pediatricians, orthopedists, neurologists, etc); physical therapists; occupational therapists; nurses; and nutritionists will be surveyed to determine the impact of leadership characteristics on knowledge, attitudes, and practices and about health promotion activities. There are 67 UCEDDs across the United States. The data, without any identifiers, will be collected via electronic survey emailed to UCEDD professionals using the Association of University Centers on Disabilities (AUCD) web directory.

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