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Process examination of executive function in ADHD: sex and subtype effects.
|Title||Process examination of executive function in ADHD: sex and subtype effects.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Authors||Wodka EL, Mostofsky SH, Prahme C, Gidley Larson JC, Loftis C, Denckla MB, Mahone ME|
|Journal||The Clinical neuropsychologist|
|Date Published||2008 Sep|
To examine effects of group (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder [ADHD] versus Typically Developing [TD]), sex, and ADHD subtype on "process/optional" measures of executive functioning, children (n = 123; 54 ADHD, 69 TD) aged 8-16 completed subtests from the D-KEFS. No group, sex, or ADHD subtype effects were found on optional measures from the Trail Making, Color-Word Interference, and Tower tests. A significant interaction was found for Verbal Fluency Total Repetition Errors; boys with Combined/Hyperactive-Impulsive (ADHD-C/HI) type ADHD performed better than ADHD-C/HI girls, whereas girls with Inattentive type ADHD (ADHD-I) performed better than ADHD-I boys. Overall, children with ADHD did not differ from TD on most optional measures from the D-KEFS. When sex and ADHD subtype were considered, children with the subtype of ADHD less common for sex were at greater risk for poorer performance.
|Alternate Journal||Clin Neuropsychol|