Susceptibility-weighted imaging in pediatric arterial ischemic stroke: a valuable alternative for the noninvasive evaluation of altered cerebral hemodynamics.

Mark McIntosh,'s picture
PubMed URL:
Bosemani T
Author List: 
Polan RM
Poretti A
Huisman TA
Bosemani T
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol
PubMed ID: 
SWI provides information about blood oxygenation levels in intracranial vessels. Prior reports have shown that SWI focusing on venous drainage can provide noninvasive information about the degree of brain perfusion in pediatric arterial ischemic stroke. We aimed to evaluate the influence of the SWI venous signal pattern in predicting stroke evolution and the development of malignant edema in a large cohort of children with arterial ischemic stroke.A semiquantitative analysis of venous signal intensity on SWI and diffusion characteristics on DTI was performed in 16 vascular territories. The mismatch between areas with SWI-hypointense venous signal and restricted diffusion was correlated with stroke progression on follow-up. SWI-hyperintense signal was correlated with the development of malignant edema.We included 24 children with a confirmed diagnosis of pediatric arterial ischemic stroke. Follow-up images were available for 14/24 children. MCA stroke progression on follow-up was observed in 5/6 children, with 2/8 children without mismatch between areas of initial SWI hypointense venous signal and areas of restricted diffusion on DTI. This mismatch showed a statistically significant association (P = .03) for infarct progression. Postischemic malignant edema developed in 2/10 children with and 0/14 children without SWI-hyperintense venous signal on initial SWI (P = .07).SWI-DTI mismatch predicts stroke progression in pediatric arterial ischemic stroke. SWI-hyperintense signal is not useful for predicting the development of malignant edema. SWI should be routinely added to the neuroimaging diagnostic protocol of pediatric arterial ischemic stroke.
Published Date: 
April, 2015

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