Assessment of self-restraint using a functional analysis of self-injury.

Mark McIntosh,'s picture
PubMed URL: 
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26223787
Author: 
Toby LM
Author List: 
Scheithauer M
O'Connor J
Toby LM
Journal: 
J Appl Behav Anal
PubMed ID: 
26223787
Pagination: 
907-11
Volume: 
48
Issue: 
4
Abstract: 
When self-restraint and self-injurious behavior (SIB) co-occur, self-restraint might be maintained by negative reinforcement through the removal of SIB. The current study evaluated this possibility with an individual who exhibited hand-to-head SIB. Three functional analyses of SIB were conducted: (a) no consequences for self-restraint, (b) self-restraint blocked, and (c) hypothesized aversive effects of SIB blocked. The outcomes of the 3 analyses suggested that self-restraint was maintained by negative reinforcement.
Published Date: 
December, 2015

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