Self-fulfilling effects of stigmatizing information on children's social interactions.

Mark McIntosh,'s picture
PubMed URL: 
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1494984
Author: 
Brady M
Author List: 
Harris MJ
Milich R
Corbitt EM
Hoover DW
Brady M
Journal: 
J Pers Soc Psychol
PubMed ID: 
1494984
Pagination: 
41-50
Volume: 
63
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 
The stigmatizing effects of negative expectancies were examined in observations of interactions between children with and without a behavior problem. Ss were 68 pairs of unacquainted boys in Grades 3-6. In each dyad, a normal boy was either told that his partner had a behavior problem or given no expectancy; this expectancy manipulation was crossed with the partner's actual diagnostic status with respect to hyperactivity. The perceivers' expectancy that their partner had a behavior problem as well as the actual diagnostic status of the target adversely affected the boys' interactions. Behavioral data suggest how the expectancies were communicated to the target. The processes underlying interpersonal expectancy effects and the ways in which a childhood stigma can act as a self-fulfilling prophecy are discussed.
Published Date: 
July, 1992

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