Myogenesis in dysferlin-deficient myoblasts is inhibited by an intrinsic inflammatory response.

Mark McIntosh,'s picture
PubMed URL: 
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22560623
Author: 
Partridge TA
Author List: 
Cohen TV
Cohen JE
Partridge TA
Journal: 
Neuromuscul Disord
PubMed ID: 
22560623
Pagination: 
648-58
Volume: 
22
Issue: 
7
Abstract: 
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B results from mutations in dysferlin, a membrane-associated protein involved in cellular membrane repair. Primary myoblast cultures derived from dysferlinopathy patients show reduced myogenic potential, suggesting that dysferlin may regulate myotube fusion and be required for muscle regeneration. These observations contrast with the findings that muscle develops normally in pre-symptomatic dysferlinopathy patients. To better understand the role of dysferlin in myogenesis, we investigated this process in vitro using cells derived from two mouse models of dysferlinopathy: SJL/J and A/J mice. We observed that myotubes derived from dysferlin-deficient muscle were of significantly smaller diameters, contained fewer myonuclei, and displayed reduced myogenic gene expression compared to dysferlin-sufficient cells. Together, these findings suggest that the absence of dysferlin from myoblasts is detrimental to myogenesis. Pro-inflammatory NFκB signaling was upregulated in dysferlin-deficient myotubes; the anti-inflammatory agent celastrol reduced the NFκB activation and improved myogenesis in dysferlin-deficient cultures. The results suggest that decreased myotube fusion in dysferlin deficiency is attributable to intrinsic inflammatory activation and can be improved using anti-inflammatory mediators.
Published Date: 
July, 2012

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