Calibration and validation of TRUST MRI for the estimation of cerebral blood oxygenation.

Mark McIntosh,'s picture
PubMed URL: 
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21590721
Author: 
van Zijl P
Author List: 
Lu H
Xu F
Grgac K
Liu P
Qin Q
van Zijl P
Journal: 
Magn Reson Med
PubMed ID: 
21590721
Pagination: 
42-9
Volume: 
67
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 
Recently, a T(2) -Relaxation-Under-Spin-Tagging (TRUST) MRI technique was developed to quantitatively estimate blood oxygen saturation fraction (Y) via the measurement of pure blood T(2) . This technique has shown promise for normalization of fMRI signals, for the assessment of oxygen metabolism, and in studies of cognitive aging and multiple sclerosis. However, a human validation study has not been conducted. In addition, the calibration curve used to convert blood T(2) to Y has not accounted for the effects of hematocrit (Hct). In this study, we first conducted experiments on blood samples under physiologic conditions, and the Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill T(2) was determined for a range of Y and Hct values. The data were fitted to a two-compartment exchange model to allow the characterization of a three-dimensional plot that can serve to calibrate the in vivo data. Next, in a validation study in humans, we showed that arterial Y estimated using TRUST MRI was 0.837 ± 0.036 (N=7) during the inhalation of 14% O2, which was in excellent agreement with the gold-standard Y values of 0.840 ± 0.036 based on Pulse-Oximetry. These data suggest that the availability of this calibration plot should enhance the applicability of T(2) -Relaxation-Under-Spin-Tagging MRI for noninvasive assessment of cerebral blood oxygenation.
Published Date: 
January, 2012

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