A novel neurodevelopmental disorder associated with compound heterozygous variants in the huntingtin gene.

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PubMed URL: 
Picker JD
Author List: 
Rodan LH
Cohen J
Fatemi A
Gillis T
Lucente D
Gusella J
Picker JD
Eur J Hum Genet
PubMed ID: 
We report compound heterozygous variants in HTT, the gene encoding huntingtin, in association with an autosomal recessive neurodevelopmental disorder. Three siblings presented with severe global developmental delay since birth, central hypotonia progressing to spastic quadraparesis, feeding difficulties, dystonia (2/3 sibs), prominent midline stereotypies (2/3), bruxism (1/3), high myopia (2/3), and epilepsy (1/3). Whole exome sequencing identified compound heterozygous variants in HTT that co-segregated in the three affected sibs and were absent in an unaffected sib. There were no additional variants in other genes that could account for the reported phenotype. Molecular analysis of HTT should be considered, not just for Huntington's disease, but also in children with a Rett-like syndrome who test negative for known Rett and Rett-like syndrome genes.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 22 June 2016; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2016.74.
Published Date: 
June, 2016

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