Three-dimensional amide proton transfer MR imaging of gliomas: Initial experience and comparison with gadolinium enhancement.

Mark McIntosh,'s picture
PubMed URL:
Blakeley JO
Author List: 
Zhou J
Zhu H
Lim M
Blair L
Quinones-Hinojosa A
Messina SA
Eberhart CG
Pomper MG
Laterra J
Barker PB
van Zijl PC
Blakeley JO
J Magn Reson Imaging
PubMed ID: 
To investigate the feasibility of a three-dimensional amide-proton-transfer (APT) imaging sequence with gradient- and spin-echo readouts at 3 Tesla in patients with high- or low-grade gliomas.Fourteen patients with newly diagnosed gliomas were recruited. After B0 inhomogeneity correction on a voxel-by-voxel basis, APT-weighted images were reconstructed using a magnetization-transfer-ratio asymmetry at offsets of ±3.5 ppm with respect to the water resonance. Analysis of variance post hoc tests were used for statistical evaluations, and results were validated with pathology.In six patients with gadolinium-enhancing high-grade gliomas, enhancing tumors on the postcontrast T1 -weighted images were consistently hyperintense on the APT-weighted images. Increased APT-weighted signal intensity was also clearly visible in two pathologically proven, high-grade gliomas without gadolinium enhancement. The average APT-weighted signal was significantly higher in the lesions than in the contralateral normal-appearing brain tissue (P < 0.001). In six low-grade gliomas, including two with gadolinium enhancement, APT-weighted imaging showed iso-intensity or mild punctate hyperintensity within all the lesions, which was significantly lower than that seen in the high-grade gliomas (P < 0.001).The proposed three-dimensional APT imaging sequence can be incorporated into standard brain MRI protocols for patients with malignant gliomas.
Published Date: 
November, 2013

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