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Cognitive Curriculum for Students with Traumatic Brain Injury: Cueing -- SHNIC Educators Information

Throughout this curriculum guide, goals and objectives will make reference to various types of cues. The following is a guide to the types of cues referred to in the Cognitive Curriculum for Students with TBI, along with their definitions.


  • hand-over-hand: physical guidance given through the task.
  • tactile cueing: gentle touch to direct movement, behavior or cognition.


  • modeling: therapist or teacher demonstrates expected performance.
  • gesture: facial expression or bodily movement that conveys meaning.
  • pictorial: picture to elicit desired response.

Verbal Prompts:

  • phonemic: first sound or rhyming word is given.
  • multiple choice
  • true/false
  • probing questions: asking "wh" questions.
  • concrete: explicit directions.
  • abstract directions: directions requiring an inference.
  • verbal modeling: therapist or teacher demonstrates expected verbal response.
  • semantic: contextual, associative, defining information given.

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