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Differences in Behavioral and Adaptive Profiles among Children Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, or Anxiety Disorder
This study is a retrospective review of assessment data from routine psychological or neuropsychological evaluations. The focus of this study is to examine behavioral and adaptive profiles of children evaluated in a neuropsychology clinic and given a diagnosis of ASD, ADHD, or an Anxiety Disorder in order to identify important and meaningful differences among behaviors and adaptive skills based on diagnostic category.
An initial screening of the clinical database of all individuals 6 to 21 years old who participated in psychological or neuropsychological evaluation in the Kennedy Krieger Institute (KKI) Neuropsychology Department or Center for Autism and Related Disorders (CARD) will identify those records that provide patient information in the following parameters:
(1) measured cognitive abilities,
(2) parent-report measure of behavior,
(3) parent-report measure of adaptive skills, (4) diagnosis made at time of evaluation.
Review of individuals’ medical charts will confirm the diagnoses made and assess for missing data in the data set. Individuals with information in the clinical database were previously seen in the KKI Neuropsychology Department or at CARD for evaluation and were administered the measures of interest as part of their assessment protocol.