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Upregulation of heme oxygenase-1 potentiates EDH-type relaxations in the mesenteric artery of the spontaneously hypertensive rat.
|Title||Upregulation of heme oxygenase-1 potentiates EDH-type relaxations in the mesenteric artery of the spontaneously hypertensive rat.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Li Z, Wang Y, Man RYK, Vanhoutte PM|
|Journal||American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology|
|Date Published||2013 Nov|
Heme oxygenase (HO) converts heme to carbon monoxide, bilirubin, and free iron. The present study investigated whether or not HO-1 induction improves vascular relaxations attributable to endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization (EDH). Thirty-six-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats were treated with the HO-1 inducer hemin, the HO inhibitor zinc protoporphyrin IX (II) (ZnPP), the antioxidant apocynin, or combinations of these compounds. Isolated mesenteric arteries were prepared for measurement of isometric tension, protein presence, and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Hemin potentiated acetylcholine-evoked EDH-type relaxations in the presence of N(ω)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) and indomethacin, while the combined treatment with ZnPP plus hemin prevented these improvements. The intermediate conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (IKCa) blocker TRAM-34 and the Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase blocker ouabain significantly impaired these hemin-potentiated relaxations. NS309-induced TRAM-34- and ouabain-sensitive relaxations were enhanced by hemin. K(+)-induced ouabain-sensitive relaxations and the expression of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase were increased by hemin. Thus HO-1 induction improves EDH-type relaxations by augmented activation of IKCa and the downstream Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase. Treatment with apocynin showed a similar effect as hemin in impairing ROS production, enhancing K(+)-induced relaxations, and increasing Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase expression, without affecting the expression of HO-1. The effects of hemin and apocynin were not additive. These observations suggest that the effect of HO-1 induction on EDH-type relaxations is possibly due to its antioxidant properties. In vitro treatment with bilirubin, but not carbon monoxide, enhanced EDH-type relaxations and K(+)-induced ouabain-sensitive relaxations, suggesting that the production of bilirubin may be also involved. The present findings reveal that HO-1 may be a potential vascular-specific therapeutic strategy for endothelial dysfunction in hypertension.
|Alternate Journal||Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol.|