Transcriptional suppression of human apolipoproteina4 and apolipoproteinc3 genes by phorbol myristate acetate in hepatic and intestinal cells.

TitleTranscriptional suppression of human apolipoproteina4 and apolipoproteinc3 genes by phorbol myristate acetate in hepatic and intestinal cells.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLi G, Yang H, Li W, Qu S, Wang X-Y, Li Y, Li R, Wang Z
JournalBio-medical materials and engineering
Volume23
PaginationS909-16
Date Published2013 Jan 1
Abstract

Background: Genetic, epidemiological and clinical evidence has demonstrated the importance of the human apolipoproteinA5 (apoA5), apolipoproteinA4 (apoA4), apolipoproteinC3 (apoC3), and apolipoproteinA1 (apoA1) genes in the control of the triglyceride and cholesterol concentrations in the blood. However, little is known about the mechanism by which protein kinase C (PKC) regulates the expression of these genes in hepatic and intestinal cells. The aim of this study was to explore the regulatory role of PKC on the expression of apoA5, apoA4, apoC3 and apoA1.Methods: Hepatic HepG2 and intestinal Caco-2 cells were treated with a potent PKC activator, Phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). The real time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) technique was used to evaluate the effects of PMA on the expression of apoA1, apoA4, apoA5 and apoC3 genes. Nuclear run on assay was used to determine whether the effect of PMA on apoA4 and apoC3 was due to its ability to regulate the transcription of these genes.Results: PMA specifically down-regulated the transcription of apoA4 and apoC3, but exhibited no effects on apoA1 or apoA5 in either HepG2 or Caco-2 cells. Further study by nuclear run on assay proved that the suppressive effect of PMA on apoA4 and apoC3 resulted from PMA's regulation of the transcription rate of the two genes.Conclusions: PMA down-regulated transcription of apoA4 and apoC3 possibly through the common regulatory element shared by these two genes, suggesting a suppressive role of PKC on the transcriptional regulation of specific apolipoproteins in hepatic and intestinal cells.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0076147
Alternate JournalBiomed Mater Eng