Topological quantum computing with a very noisy network and local error rates approaching one percent.

TitleTopological quantum computing with a very noisy network and local error rates approaching one percent.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsNickerson NH, Li Y, Benjamin SC
JournalNature communications
Volume4
Pagination1756
Date Published2013
Abstract

A scalable quantum computer could be built by networking together many simple processor cells, thus avoiding the need to create a single complex structure. The difficulty is that realistic quantum links are very error prone. A solution is for cells to repeatedly communicate with each other and so purify any imperfections; however prior studies suggest that the cells themselves must then have prohibitively low internal error rates. Here we describe a method by which even error-prone cells can perform purification: groups of cells generate shared resource states, which then enable stabilization of topologically encoded data. Given a realistically noisy network (≥10% error rate) we find that our protocol can succeed provided that intra-cell error rates for initialisation, state manipulation and measurement are below 0.82%. This level of fidelity is already achievable in several laboratory systems.

DOI10.1155/2013/384125
Alternate JournalNat Commun