The TNF-alpha -308G/A polymorphism is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus: an updated meta-analysis.

TitleThe TNF-alpha -308G/A polymorphism is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus: an updated meta-analysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsZhao Y, Li Z, Zhang L, Zhang Y, Yang Y, Tang Y, Fu P
JournalMolecular biology reports
Date Published2013 Nov 6
Abstract

The tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha -308G/A polymorphism has long been suspected of being a gene variant that is associated with type 2 diabetes, but studies have reported conflicting outcomes. An updated meta-analysis was performed to investigate whether the TNF-alpha -308A variant is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Statistical analyses were performed using Revman 5.0 and STATA 10.0 software. A total of 38 case-control studies in 38 articles were included. Statistical analyses of the results suggested that the TNF-alpha -308G/A polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (OR = 1.21, 95 % CI 1.06-1.37, P = 0.003) in a dominant model, particularly for Asian carriers of the A mutation (GA+AA), who were shown to have a 39 % increased risk of type 2 diabetes (OR = 1.39, 95 % CI 1.11-1.74, P = 0.004) compared with wild-type (GG) subjects. However, no significant difference in diabetes risk was found between the mutant and wild-type genotypes in Caucasian subjects (OR = 1.08, 95 % CI 0.98-1.18, P = 0.12). This meta-analysis indicates that the TNF-alpha -308A variant could be a risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes, particularly in Asian subjects. However, this association was not statistically significant in Caucasian subjects. More specified ethnical studies are required to reveal the detailed physiological characteristics of the TNF-alpha -308 G/A polymorphism.

DOI10.1007/s13238-013-3079-9
Alternate JournalMol. Biol. Rep.