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Three-dimensional amide proton transfer MR imaging of gliomas: Initial experience and comparison with gadolinium enhancement.
|Title||Three-dimensional amide proton transfer MR imaging of gliomas: Initial experience and comparison with gadolinium enhancement.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Zhou J, Zhu H, Lim M, Blair L, Quinones-Hinojosa A, Messina SA, Eberhart CG, Pomper MG, Laterra J, Barker PB, van Zijl PCM, Blakeley JO|
|Journal||Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI|
|Date Published||2013 Feb 25|
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of a three-dimensional amide-proton-transfer (APT) imaging sequence with gradient- and spin-echo readouts at 3 Tesla in patients with high- or low-grade gliomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients with newly diagnosed gliomas were recruited. After B(0) inhomogeneity correction on a voxel-by-voxel basis, APT-weighted images were reconstructed using a magnetization-transfer-ratio asymmetry at offsets of ±3.5 ppm with respect to the water resonance. Analysis of variance post hoc tests were used for statistical evaluations, and results were validated with pathology. RESULTS: In six patients with gadolinium-enhancing high-grade gliomas, enhancing tumors on the postcontrast T(1) -weighted images were consistently hyperintense on the APT-weighted images. Increased APT-weighted signal intensity was also clearly visible in two pathologically proven, high-grade gliomas without gadolinium enhancement. The average APT-weighted signal was significantly higher in the lesions than in the contralateral normal-appearing brain tissue (P < 0.001). In six low-grade gliomas, including two with gadolinium enhancement, APT-weighted imaging showed iso-intensity or mild punctate hyperintensity within all the lesions, which was significantly lower than that seen in the high-grade gliomas (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The proposed three-dimensional APT imaging sequence can be incorporated into standard brain MRI protocols for patients with malignant gliomas. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013;. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
|Alternate Journal||J Magn Reson Imaging|