Template-free synthesis of a CdSnO3·3H2O hollow-nanocuboid photocatalyst via a facile microwave hydrothermal method.

TitleTemplate-free synthesis of a CdSnO3·3H2O hollow-nanocuboid photocatalyst via a facile microwave hydrothermal method.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLiu G, Liang S, Wu W, Lin R, Qing N, Liang R, Wu L
JournalNanotechnology
Volume24
Issue25
Pagination255601
Date Published2013 Jun 28
Abstract

A CdSnO3·3H2O hollow-nanocuboid photocatalyst was successfully synthesized via a facile template-free microwave hydrothermal method for the first time. The as-prepared samples were characterized by x-ray diffraction, UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Moreover, samples prepared under different reaction times were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy to investigate the formation process of the CdSnO3·3H2O hollow-nanocuboids. Based on this result, a possible mechanism for the formation process was proposed. The sample prepared at 160 °C for 2 h at pH 11 exhibited the best photocatalytic activity and stability for the degradation of gaseous benzene under UV irradiation (λ = 254 nm) as compared with the other samples. The conversion and mineralization rates of benzene were about 12.5% and 67%, respectively. The mineralization rate was twice as high as that of commercial TiO2 (Degussa Co.). Furthermore, the excellent stability for the benzene decomposition was attributed to the positive charge on the catalyst surface, which was analyzed both by electron spin resonance and Zeta-potentials.

DOI10.1210/me.2013-1065
Alternate JournalNanotechnology