Synthesis and antifungal activity of thiadiazole-functionalized chitosan derivatives.

TitleSynthesis and antifungal activity of thiadiazole-functionalized chitosan derivatives.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLi Q, Ren J, Dong F, Feng Y, Gu G, Guo Z
JournalCarbohydrate research
Volume373
Pagination103-7
Date Published2013 May 24
Abstract

A groups of novel water soluble chitosan derivatives containing 1,3,4-thiadiazole group were synthesized including 1,3,4-thiadiazole (TPCTS), 2-methyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole (MTPCTS), and 2-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole (PTPCTS). Their antifungal activity against three kinds of phytopathogens was estimated by hypha measurement in vitro, and the fungicidal assessment shows that the synthesized chitosan derivatives have excellent activity against tested fungi. Of all the synthesized chitosan derivatives, MTPCTS inhibited the growth of the tested phytopathogens most effectively with inhibitory indices of 75.3%, 82.5%, and 65.8% against Colletotrichum lagenarium (Pass) Ell.et halst, Phomopsis asparagi (Sacc.) Bubak, and Monilinia fructicola (Wint.) Honey respectively at 1.0 mg/mL. These indices are higher than those of chitosan. These data also demonstrate that the hydrophobic moiety (alkyl and phenyl) and the length of alkyl substituent in thiadiazole tend to affect the antifungal activity of chitosan derivatives. It is hypothesized that thiadiazole groups enable the synthesized chitosan to possess obviously better antifungal activity and good solubility in water.

DOI10.1124/dmd.113.052662
Alternate JournalCarbohydr. Res.