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Sustained poststimulus elevation in cerebral oxygen utilization after vascular recovery.
|Title||Sustained poststimulus elevation in cerebral oxygen utilization after vascular recovery.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Lu H, Golay X, Pekar JJ, van Zijl PCM|
|Journal||Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism|
|Date Published||2004 Jul|
The brain's response to functional activation is characterized by focal increases in cerebral blood flow. It is generally assumed that this hyperemia is a direct response to the energy demands of activation, the so-called flow-metabolism coupling. Here we report experimental evidence that increases in oxygen metabolism can occur after activation without increases in flow. When using multimodality functional MRI (fMRI) to study visual activation in human brain, we observed a postactivation period of about 30 seconds during which oxygen consumption remained elevated, while blood flow and volume had already returned to baseline levels. The finding of such a prolonged and complete dissociation of vascular response and energy metabolism during the poststimulus period indicates that increased metabolic demand needs not per se cause a concomitant increase in blood flow. The results also show that the postactivation undershoot after the positive blood-oxygen-level-dependent hemodynamic response in fMRI should be reinterpreted as a continued elevation of oxygen metabolism, rather than a delayed blood volume compliance.
|Alternate Journal||J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab.|