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[Sublumbar abscesses in the dog. Retrospective evaluation of 13 patients].
|Title||[Sublumbar abscesses in the dog. Retrospective evaluation of 13 patients].|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Kaiser S, Thiel C, Michalik J, Kramer M|
|Journal||Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere|
|Date Published||2013 Dec 10|
Objective: Presentation of sublumbar abscesses in the dog with regard to diagnostic and therapeutic options as well as prognosis. Material and methods: Retrospective evaluation of the data of 13 dogs, which were presented with sublumbar abscesses between 2002 and 2012. Results: Young to middle-aged and middle to large breed dogs were mainly affected. The time until presentation varied from 1 day to 2 years. Symptoms were generally nonspecific. Computed tomography and sonography were normally applied for diagnosis. All dogs underwent surgery and several wound examinations; only in two cases was a single surgical intervention sufficient. In addition, after being discharged, ambulant post-operative care was usually necessary for a considerable time. In two cases, plant foreign bodies could be identified as a cause of abscess formation, and in one case a prostatic abscess and a putative prostate carcinoma were present. After surgery, 12 of 13 dogs could be discharged. Nine of them showed an unremarkable healing process, one dog had a relapse followed by an unremarkable healing process, and one dog was euthanized at the request of the owners because of a putative relapse. One animal was lost to follow-up. One dog was euthanized after two surgical procedures. Conclusion and clinical relevance: Sublumbar abscesses are a rare, but a serious disease in veterinary medicine. Sectional imaging techniques and sonography are suitable for diagnosis. Treatment is often sophisticated and long-standing. However, with adequate treatment, the prognosis with regard to a complete convalescence is favorable. In most cases, the cause of abscess formation remains unclear.
|Alternate Journal||Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere|