[Sublumbar abscesses in the dog. Retrospective evaluation of 13 patients].

Title[Sublumbar abscesses in the dog. Retrospective evaluation of 13 patients].
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsKaiser S, Thiel C, Michalik J, Kramer M
JournalTierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
Volume41
Issue6
Pagination383-91
Date Published2013 Dec 10
Abstract

Objective: Presentation of sublumbar abscesses in the dog with regard to diagnostic and therapeutic options as well as prognosis. Material and methods: Retrospective evaluation of the data of 13 dogs, which were presented with sublumbar abscesses between 2002 and 2012. Results: Young to middle-aged and middle to large breed dogs were mainly affected. The time until presentation varied from 1 day to 2 years. Symptoms were generally nonspecific. Computed tomography and sonography were normally applied for diagnosis. All dogs underwent surgery and several wound examinations; only in two cases was a single surgical intervention sufficient. In addition, after being discharged, ambulant post-operative care was usually necessary for a considerable time. In two cases, plant foreign bodies could be identified as a cause of abscess formation, and in one case a prostatic abscess and a putative prostate carcinoma were present. After surgery, 12 of 13 dogs could be discharged. Nine of them showed an unremarkable healing process, one dog had a relapse followed by an unremarkable healing process, and one dog was euthanized at the request of the owners because of a putative relapse. One animal was lost to follow-up. One dog was euthanized after two surgical procedures. Conclusion and clinical relevance: Sublumbar abscesses are a rare, but a serious disease in veterinary medicine. Sectional imaging techniques and sonography are suitable for diagnosis. Treatment is often sophisticated and long-standing. However, with adequate treatment, the prognosis with regard to a complete convalescence is favorable. In most cases, the cause of abscess formation remains unclear.

DOI10.1136/bjophthalmol-2013-303946
Alternate JournalTierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere