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A study of controlled uptake and release of anthocyanins by oxidized starch microgels.
|Title||A study of controlled uptake and release of anthocyanins by oxidized starch microgels.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Wang Z, Li Y, Chen L, Xin X, Yuan Q|
|Journal||Journal of agricultural and food chemistry|
|Date Published||2013 Jun 19|
Anthocyanins are well-known antioxidants, but they are sensitive to environmental conditions. Herein we used oxidized starch microgel to prevent their early degradation and deliver them to the target place. The aim of this study was to investigate the uptake and the release ability of anthocyanins by the oxidized starch microgels and measure their in vitro gastrointestinal release. The gels were made of oxidized potato starch polymers, which were chemically cross-linked by sodium trimetaphosphate (STMP). In this study, the uptake and release behaviors of anthocyanins by starch microgel were investigated under various pH and salt concentrations. The microgel of high degree of oxidation and high cross-link density had a high uptake capacity for anthocyanins at low pH and salt concentration; 62 mg anthocyanins had been absorbed per gram of dry DO100% (degree of oxidation 100%) microgel at pH 3 with ionic strength 0.05M. The in vitro study of the release was investigated under stimulated gastrointestinal fluid. The anthocyanins were identified and quantified by UV/vis detection. The results indicated that the oxidized starch microgels had a potential for being a carrier system for protecting anthocyanins from degradation in the upper gastric tract and for delivering them to the intestine. This paper provides a good reference for an intestinal-targeted delivery system of vulnerable functional ingredients by oxidized starch microgel.
|Alternate Journal||J. Agric. Food Chem.|