Staphylococcus aureus α-hemolysin promotes platelet-neutrophil aggregate formation.

TitleStaphylococcus aureus α-hemolysin promotes platelet-neutrophil aggregate formation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsParimon T, Li Z, Bolz DD, McIndoo ER, Bayer CR, Stevens DL, Bryant AE
JournalThe Journal of infectious diseases
Volume208
Issue5
Pagination761-70
Date Published2013 Sep 1
Abstract

Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) causes severe hemorrhagic necrotizing pneumonia associated with high mortality. Exotoxins have been implicated in the pathogenesis of this infection; however, the cellular mechanisms responsible remain largely undefined. Because platelet-neutrophil aggregates (PNAs) can dysregulate inflammatory responses and contribute to tissue destruction, we investigated whether exotoxins from MRSA could stimulate formation of PNAs in human whole blood. Strong PNA formation was stimulated by toxins from stationary phase but not log phase CA-MRSA, and α-hemolysin was singularly identified as the mediator of this activity. MRSA exotoxins also caused neutrophil (polymorphonuclear leukocyte) activation, as measured by increased CD11b expression, although platelet binding was not driven by this mechanism; rather, α-hemolysin-induced PNA formation was solely platelet P-selectin dependent. These findings suggest a role for S. aureus α-hemolysin-induced PNA formation in alveolar capillary destruction in hemorrhagic/necrotizing pneumonia caused by CA-MRSA and offer novel targets for intervention.

DOI10.1093/jpepsy/jst032
Alternate JournalJ. Infect. Dis.