Stabilization of source-separated human urine by chemical oxidation.

TitleStabilization of source-separated human urine by chemical oxidation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsZhang Y, Li Z, Zhao Y, Chen S, Mahmood IB
JournalWater science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Volume67
Issue9
Pagination1901-7
Date Published2013
Abstract

The inhibitory effect of ozone and hydrogen peroxide (HP) on urea hydrolysis in stored urine was investigated and compared. Ozone showed less effect on urea hydrolysis due to the complicated composition of urine (including a large amount of urease-producing bacteria) and bacteria regeneration. Ozone concentration and total heterotrophic bacteria analysis demonstrated that residual ozone concentration decreased by 43% within 15 hr from 13.50 to 7.72 mg/L in the one-time ozonation urine test, and finally completely decomposed within 4 days. In addition, bacteria regenerated quickly after ozone completely decomposed. However, HP showed a significant effect on inhibiting urea hydrolysis not only in stored urine but also in fecal-contaminated urine. The suitable doses of applied HP to inhibit urea hydrolysis in stored urine, concentrations of 0.5 and 1.0 g feces per liter of fecal-contaminated urine, were 0.03, 0.16 and 0.23 mol/L, respectively. The urea concentrations after 2 months stored were 7,145, 7,109 and 7,234 mg/L, respectively.

DOI10.1016/j.humpath.2013.02.015
Alternate JournalWater Sci. Technol.