Spatial Cluster Detection for Longitudinal Outcomes using Administrative Regions.

TitleSpatial Cluster Detection for Longitudinal Outcomes using Administrative Regions.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsCook AJ, Gold DR, Li Y
JournalCommunications in statistics: theory and methods
Date Published2013 Jan 1

This manuscript proposes a new spatial cluster detection method for longitudinal outcomes that detects neighborhoods and regions with elevated rates of disease while controlling for individual level confounders. The proposed method, CumResPerm, utilizes cumulative geographic residuals through a permutation test to detect potential clusters which are are defined as sets of administrative regions, such as a town, or group of administrative regions. Previous cluster detection methods are not able to incorporate individual level data including covariate adjustment, while still being able to define potential clusters using informative neighborhood or town boundaries. Often it is of interest to detect such spatial clusters because individuals residing in a town may have similar environmental exposures or socioeconomic backgrounds due to administrative reasons, such as zoning laws. Therefore these boundaries can be very informative and more relevant than arbitrary clusters such as the standard circle or square. Application of the CumResPerm method will be illustrated by the Home Allergens and Asthma prospective cohort study analyzing the relationship between area or neighborhood residence and repeated measured outcome, occurrence of wheeze in the last 6 months, while taking into account mobile locations.

Alternate JournalCommun Stat Theory Methods