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Soybean GmbZIP123 gene enhances lipid content in the seeds of transgenic Arabidopsis plants.
|Title||Soybean GmbZIP123 gene enhances lipid content in the seeds of transgenic Arabidopsis plants.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Song Q-X, Li Q-T, Liu Y-F, Zhang F-X, Ma B, Zhang W-K, Man W-Q, Du W-G, Wang G-D, Chen S-Y, Zhang J-S|
|Journal||Journal of experimental botany|
|Date Published||2013 Nov|
Soybean is one of most important oil crops and a significant increase in lipid content in soybean seeds would facilitate vegetable oil production in the world. Although the pathways for lipid biosynthesis in higher plants have been uncovered, our understanding of regulatory mechanism controlling lipid accumulation is still limited. In this study, we identified 87 transcription factor genes with a higher abundance at the stage of lipid accumulation in soybean seeds. One of these genes, GmbZIP123, was selected to further study its function in regulation of lipid accumulation. Overexpression of GmbZIP123 enhanced lipid content in the seeds of transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants. The GmbZIP123 transgene promoted expression of two sucrose transporter genes (SUC1 and SUC5) and three cell-wall invertase genes (cwINV1, cwINV3, and cwINV6) by binding directly to the promoters of these genes. Consistently, the cell-wall invertase activity and sugar translocation were all enhanced in siliques of GmbZIP123 transgenic plants. Higher levels of glucose, fructose, and sucrose were also found in seeds of GmbZIP123 transgenic plants. These results suggest that GmbZIP123 may participate in regulation of lipid accumulation in soybean seeds by controlling sugar transport into seeds from photoautotrophic tissues. This study provides novel insights into the regulatory mechanism for lipid accumulation in seeds and may facilitate improvements in oil production in soybean and other oil crops through genetic manipulation of the GmbZIP123 gene.
|Alternate Journal||J. Exp. Bot.|