Simvastatin induces caspase-dependent apoptosis and activates P53 in OCM-1 cells.

TitleSimvastatin induces caspase-dependent apoptosis and activates P53 in OCM-1 cells.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsWang Y, Xu S-L, Wu Y-Z, Zhao M-S, Xu W-J, Yang H-Y, Li Y-X
JournalExperimental eye research
Volume113
Pagination128-34
Date Published2013 Aug
Abstract

Simvastatin is a cholesterol-lowering drug which exhibits numerous pleiotropic effects including anti-cancer activity. Yet, the anti-cancer effects in choroidal melanoma remain poorly characterized. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effects of simvastatin on OCM-1 cells growth, apoptosis and cycle. Simvastatin showed an inhibitory effects on OCM-1 cells viability in dose-dependent (2-10 μM) and time-dependent (24-72 h) manner. Further study suggested that simvastatin-induced inhibition OCM-1 cells proliferation was associated with G1 phase arrest, decreased protein and mRNA expression of proliferation marker cyclin D1, cyclin E, cyclin dependent kinase (CDK)2 and increased expression of CDK inhibitory protein P21. In addition, simvastatin resulted in an increase in levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in OCM-1 cells and simvastatin significantly triggered apoptosis in OCM-1 cells, which was characterized by increased chromatin condensation, activation of caspase-9 and cleaved-caspase-3, increased expression mitochondrion-related apoptosis protein of P53, Bax and decreased expression of Bcl2 and iASPP. Collectively, our study demonstrated that simvastatin can efficiently inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in OCM-1 cells.

DOI10.1155/2013/748435
Alternate JournalExp. Eye Res.