Silencing of Cathepsin B suppresses the proliferation and invasion of endometrial cancer.

TitleSilencing of Cathepsin B suppresses the proliferation and invasion of endometrial cancer.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBao W, Fan Q, Luo X, Cheng W-W, Wang Y-D, Li Z-N, Chen X-L, Wu D
JournalOncology reports
Volume30
Issue2
Pagination723-30
Date Published2013 Aug
Abstract

The molecular mechanism involved in the metastasis of endometrial cancer (EC) remains unclear. The lysosomal cysteine protease Cathepsin B has been implicated in the progression of various human tumors. In the present study, we assessed the expression of Cathepsin B and its functions in EC. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine Cathepsin B expression in 76 paraffin-embedded endometrial tumor tissues. Lentiviral packing short hairpin RNA (shRNA) was transfected into HEC-1A cells to build a stable Cathepsin B knockdown cell line. The cellular levels of Cathepsin B mRNA and protein were detected by real-time PCR and western immunoblotting. The functions of Cathepsin B in EC cells were measured by MTT, migration and invasion assays. In additon, tumorigenicity assays were established in nude mice to study tumor growth in vivo. The results of our study showed that Cathepsin B was overexpressed in EC tissues compared with normal endometrium and endometrial atypical hyperplasia. Depletion of Cathepsin B in vitro inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Tumor formation assays confirmed that suppression of Cathepsin B inhibited the proliferation potential of HEC-1A cells in vivo, demonstrated by lower proliferation rates. These results suggest that Cathepsin B may act as an oncogene in EC, with the potential to provide a new therapeutic target for treating endometrial malignancy.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0065042
Alternate JournalOncol. Rep.