Serum fetuin-A levels related with microalbuminuria in diet-induced obese rats.

TitleSerum fetuin-A levels related with microalbuminuria in diet-induced obese rats.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLi Y, Sun X, Yu Y
JournalBioMed research international
Date Published2013

The aim of the study was to investigate the association between elevated serum fetuin-A and increased urine albumin excretion in obese rats, and whether increased urine albumin excretion was modified by improving hepatic steatosis and lipid metabolism disorder. Male Wistar rats 4 weeks in age were randomly divided into three groups and fed with normal chow (control group), high-fat chow (obesity group), or high-fat chow plus fenofibrate (fenofibrate group). After 24 weeks, both body weight and visceral fat/body weight ratio in obese rats were higher than in controls. A difference in serology markers and pathology associated with hepatic steatosis was also found among the three groups. Serum fetuin-A and the expression of NF- κ B in the liver were increased, while serum adiponectin was decreased in obese rats in comparison to controls (P < 0.01). Urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) was increased in the obesity group compared to controls (P < 0.01). The fenofibrate intervention reduced serum fetuin-A and NF- κ B expression in the liver and increased serum adiponectin compared to obese rats and was accompanied by decrease in ACR. A positive correlation was found between ACR and fetuin-A (r = 0.602, P < 0.01), and a negative correlation was found between ACR and adiponectin (r = -0.635, P < 0.01). We conclude that elevated fetuin-A levels are associated with microalbuminuria in obese rats, and abnormal albuminuria is reversible by improving hepatic steatosis.

Alternate JournalBiomed Res Int