Recovery of PEX1-Gly843Asp peroxisome dysfunction by small-molecule compounds.

TitleRecovery of PEX1-Gly843Asp peroxisome dysfunction by small-molecule compounds.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsZhang R, Chen L, Jiralerspong S, Snowden A, Steinberg S, Braverman N
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Date Published2010 Mar 23

Zellweger spectrum disorder (ZSD) is a heterogeneous group of diseases with high morbidity and mortality caused by failure to assemble normal peroxisomes. There is no therapy for ZSD, but management is supportive. Nevertheless, one-half of the patients have a phenotype milder than classic Zellweger syndrome and exhibit a progressive disease course. Thus, patients would benefit if therapies became available and were instituted early. Recent reports indicate several interventions that result in partial peroxisome recovery in ZSD fibroblasts. To identify drugs that recover peroxisome functions, we expressed a GFP-peroxisome targeting signal 1 reporter in fibroblasts containing the common disease allele, PEX1-p.Gly843Asp. The GFP reporter remained cytosolic at baseline, and improvement in peroxisome functions was detected by the redistribution of the GFP reporter from the cytosol to the peroxisome. We established a high-content screening assay based on this phenotype assay and evaluated 2,080 small molecules. The cells were cultured in chemical for 2 days and then, were fixed and imaged by epifluorescent microscopy on a high-content imaging platform. We identified four compounds that partially recover matrix protein import, and we confirmed three using independent assays. Our results suggest that PEX1-p.G843D is a misfolded protein amenable to chaperone therapy.

Alternate JournalProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.