Rational development of solid dispersions via hot-melt extrusion using screening, material characterization, and numeric simulation tools.

TitleRational development of solid dispersions via hot-melt extrusion using screening, material characterization, and numeric simulation tools.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsZecevic DE, Wagner KG
JournalJournal of pharmaceutical sciences
Volume102
Issue7
Pagination2297-310
Date Published2013 Jul
Abstract

Effective and predictive small-scale selection tools are inevitable during the development of a solubility enhanced drug product. For hot-melt extrusion, this selection process can start with a microscale performance evaluation on a hot-stage microscope (HSM). A batch size of 400 mg can provide sufficient materials to assess the drug product attributes such as solid-state properties, solubility enhancement, and physical stability as well as process related attributes such as processing temperature in a twin-screw extruder (TSE). Prototype formulations will then be fed into a 5 mm TSE (~1-2 g) to confirm performance from the HSM under additional shear stress. Small stress stability testing might be performed with these samples or a larger batch (20-40 g) made by 9 or 12 mm TSE. Simultaneously, numeric process simulations are performed using process data as well as rheological and thermal properties of the formulations. Further scale up work to 16 and 18 mm TSE confirmed and refined the simulation model. Thus, at the end of the laboratory-scale development, not only the clinical trial supply could be manufactured, but also one can form a sound risk assessment to support further scale up even without decades of process experience.

DOI10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2013.03.08
Alternate JournalJ Pharm Sci