Preclinical studies of targeted therapies for CD20-positive B lymphoid malignancies by Ofatumumab conjugated with auristatin.

TitlePreclinical studies of targeted therapies for CD20-positive B lymphoid malignancies by Ofatumumab conjugated with auristatin.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLi Z, Zhang Q, Wang H, Zhang YN, Ding D, Pan LQ, Miao D, Xu S, Zhang C, Luo PH, Naranmandura H, Chen SQ
JournalInvestigational new drugs
Date Published2013 Aug 1

Utilization of antibodies to deliver highly potent cytotoxic agents to corresponding antigen-overexpressed tumor cells is a clinically validated therapeutic strategy. Ofatumumab (OFA, trade name Arzerra) is a fully human CD20-specific antibody that is active against CD20-positive B-cell lymphoma/chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells. In order to further enhance the anticancer effect of OFA, anti-CD20 OFA has been conjugated with highly cytotoxic monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE) through a cathepsin-B-cleavable valine-citrulline (vc) dipeptide linkage to form OFA-vcMMAE and the anti-tumor activity of OFA-vcMMAE against CD20-positive B lymphoma cells are then evaluated in vitro and in vivo. As a result, conjugation of OFA with MMAE has kept the initial effector functional activities of OFA such as binding affinity, complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) as well as antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC). In addition, the conjugation of MMAE significantly improved the cytotoxic activity of OFA against CD20-positive cells (i.e., Raji, Daudi and WIL2-S cells) but not against CD20-negative K562 cells. On the other hand, OFA-vcMMAE was modulated from the CD20-positive cell surface and then entered the lysosomes by receptor-mediated endocytosis, underwent proteolytic degradation and released active drug MMAE to induce apoptotic cell death through a caspase-3-like protease-dependent pathway. Surprisingly, OFA-vcMMAE completely inhibited the growth of CD20-positive Daudi and Ramos lymphoma xenografts in vivo, and exhibited greater anti-tumor activity than unconjugated OFA, suggesting that the anti-tumor activity of anti-CD20 antibody can be enhanced by conjugation with MMAE. In the near future, this new approach might be used as a clinical treatment of CD20-positive B lymphoid malignancies.

Alternate JournalInvest New Drugs