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Preclinical studies of targeted therapies for CD20-positive B lymphoid malignancies by Ofatumumab conjugated with auristatin.
|Title||Preclinical studies of targeted therapies for CD20-positive B lymphoid malignancies by Ofatumumab conjugated with auristatin.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Li Z, Zhang Q, Wang H, Zhang YN, Ding D, Pan LQ, Miao D, Xu S, Zhang C, Luo PH, Naranmandura H, Chen SQ|
|Journal||Investigational new drugs|
|Date Published||2013 Aug 1|
Utilization of antibodies to deliver highly potent cytotoxic agents to corresponding antigen-overexpressed tumor cells is a clinically validated therapeutic strategy. Ofatumumab (OFA, trade name Arzerra) is a fully human CD20-specific antibody that is active against CD20-positive B-cell lymphoma/chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells. In order to further enhance the anticancer effect of OFA, anti-CD20 OFA has been conjugated with highly cytotoxic monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE) through a cathepsin-B-cleavable valine-citrulline (vc) dipeptide linkage to form OFA-vcMMAE and the anti-tumor activity of OFA-vcMMAE against CD20-positive B lymphoma cells are then evaluated in vitro and in vivo. As a result, conjugation of OFA with MMAE has kept the initial effector functional activities of OFA such as binding affinity, complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) as well as antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC). In addition, the conjugation of MMAE significantly improved the cytotoxic activity of OFA against CD20-positive cells (i.e., Raji, Daudi and WIL2-S cells) but not against CD20-negative K562 cells. On the other hand, OFA-vcMMAE was modulated from the CD20-positive cell surface and then entered the lysosomes by receptor-mediated endocytosis, underwent proteolytic degradation and released active drug MMAE to induce apoptotic cell death through a caspase-3-like protease-dependent pathway. Surprisingly, OFA-vcMMAE completely inhibited the growth of CD20-positive Daudi and Ramos lymphoma xenografts in vivo, and exhibited greater anti-tumor activity than unconjugated OFA, suggesting that the anti-tumor activity of anti-CD20 antibody can be enhanced by conjugation with MMAE. In the near future, this new approach might be used as a clinical treatment of CD20-positive B lymphoid malignancies.
|Alternate Journal||Invest New Drugs|