Polymorphisms in the vitamin D Receptor (VDR) and the risk of ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis.

TitlePolymorphisms in the vitamin D Receptor (VDR) and the risk of ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLiu Y, Li C, Chen P, Li X, Li M, Guo H, Li J, Chu R, Wang H
JournalPloS one
Volume8
Issue6
Paginatione66716
Date Published2013
Abstract

The vitamin D receptor (VDR) principally mediates the anticancer activities of vitamin D. Various epidemiological studies have investigated the associations of VDR gene polymorphisms with ovarian cancer; however, the results have been inconclusive. In the current study, we evaluated, in a meta-analysis, the association of five common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the VDR gene (ApaI, BsmI, Cdx-2, FokI, and TaqI) with the risk of ovarian cancer. Six eligible studies, with a total of 4,107 cases and 6,661 controls, which evaluated the association of these variants and ovarian cancer risk, were identified from the MEDLINE and PubMed databases. The meta-analysis indicated that FokI was associated with an increased ovarian cancer risk, with a pooled odds ratio (OR) of 1.10 [95% confidence intervals (95% CI) = 1.00-1.20] for CT heterozygotes and 1.16 (95% CI = 1.02-1.30) for TT homozygotes relative to common CC carriers. Carriers of the T allele (also known as the f allele) showed an 11% (pooled OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.02-1.21; TT/CT vs. CC) increased risk of ovarian cancer relative to CC carriers. For FokI, no significant heterogeneity between the studies was found (I(2) = 0%, P = 0.62 for the Q test). There was no statistically significant association between the other four variants (ApaI, BsmI, Cdx-2 and TaqI) and risk of ovarian cancer. These data indicate that the polymorphism FokI on the VDR is a susceptibility factor for ovarian cancer. Nevertheless, more studies are warranted to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of the VDR in development of ovarian cancer.

DOI10.1038/ncomms3138
Alternate JournalPLoS ONE