Polymer Blend Particles with Defined Compositions for Targeting Antigen to Both Class I and II Antigen Presentation Pathways.

TitlePolymer Blend Particles with Defined Compositions for Targeting Antigen to Both Class I and II Antigen Presentation Pathways.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsTran KK, Zhan X, Shen H
JournalAdvanced healthcare materials
Date Published2013 Oct 2
Abstract

Defense against many persistent and difficult-to-treat diseases requires a combination of humoral, CD4(+) , and CD8(+) T-cell responses, which necessitates targeting antigens to both class I and II antigen presentation pathways. In this study, polymer blend particles are developed by mixing two functionally unique polymers, poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) and a pH-responsive polymer, poly(dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate-co-propylacrylic acid-co-butyl methacrylate) (DMAEMA-co-PAA-co-BMA). Polymer blend particles are shown to enable the delivery of antigens into both class I and II antigen presentation pathways in vitro. Increasing the ratio of the pH-responsive polymer in blend particles increases the degree of class I antigen presentation, while maintaining high levels of class II antigen presentation. In a mouse model, it is demonstrated that a significantly higher and sustained level of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell responses, and comparable antibody responses, are elicited with polymer blend particles than PLGA particles and a conventional vaccine, Alum. The polymer blend particles offer a potential vaccine delivery platform to generate a combination of humoral and cell-mediated immune responses that insure robust and long-lasting immunity against many infectious diseases and cancers.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0076614
Alternate JournalAdv Healthc Mater