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Phytoestrogen α-Zearalanol Attenuates Homocysteine-Induced Apoptosis in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells.
|Title||Phytoestrogen α-Zearalanol Attenuates Homocysteine-Induced Apoptosis in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Liu T, Hou D-D, Zhao Q, Liu W, Zhen P-P, Xu J-P, Wang K, Huang H-X, Li X, Zhang H, Xu H-B, Wang W|
|Journal||BioMed research international|
Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The enhanced nitrative stress plays an important role in homocysteine-induced endothelial dysfunction. Previous studies have showed that phytoestrogen α -zearalanol alleviated endothelial injury in ovariectomized hyperhomocysteinemic rats; however, the underlying mechanism remains to be clarified. This study was to investigate the effects of α -zearalanol on homocysteine-induced endothelial apoptosis in vitro and explore the possible role of nitrative stress in these effects. Results showed that homocysteine (500 μ mol/L, 24 h) induced the apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) obviously, and this effect was significantly attenuated by pretreatment with α -zearalanol (10(-8)~10(-6) mol/L). Moreover, α -zearalanol downregulated proapoptotic protein Bax, upregulated antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL, and decreased the expression and activity of caspase-9. These findings demonstrated that α -zearalanol could effectively alleviate homocysteine-induced endothelial apoptosis, and this antiapoptosis effect might be related to the inhibition of the intrinsic pathway. Western blot indicated an enhanced 3-nitrotyrosine expression in HUVECs when challenged with homocysteine, which was attenuated by pretreatment with α -zearalanol. This result implied that inhibition of nitrative stress might play a role in the protective effect of α -zearalanol on endothelial cells. Such discovery may shed a novel light on the antiatherogenic activities of α -zearalanol in hyperhomocysteinemia.
|Alternate Journal||Biomed Res Int|