Phytoestrogen α-Zearalanol Attenuates Homocysteine-Induced Apoptosis in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells.

TitlePhytoestrogen α-Zearalanol Attenuates Homocysteine-Induced Apoptosis in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLiu T, Hou D-D, Zhao Q, Liu W, Zhen P-P, Xu J-P, Wang K, Huang H-X, Li X, Zhang H, Xu H-B, Wang W
JournalBioMed research international
Volume2013
Pagination813450
Date Published2013
Abstract

Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The enhanced nitrative stress plays an important role in homocysteine-induced endothelial dysfunction. Previous studies have showed that phytoestrogen α -zearalanol alleviated endothelial injury in ovariectomized hyperhomocysteinemic rats; however, the underlying mechanism remains to be clarified. This study was to investigate the effects of α -zearalanol on homocysteine-induced endothelial apoptosis in vitro and explore the possible role of nitrative stress in these effects. Results showed that homocysteine (500  μ mol/L, 24 h) induced the apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) obviously, and this effect was significantly attenuated by pretreatment with α -zearalanol (10(-8)~10(-6) mol/L). Moreover, α -zearalanol downregulated proapoptotic protein Bax, upregulated antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL, and decreased the expression and activity of caspase-9. These findings demonstrated that α -zearalanol could effectively alleviate homocysteine-induced endothelial apoptosis, and this antiapoptosis effect might be related to the inhibition of the intrinsic pathway. Western blot indicated an enhanced 3-nitrotyrosine expression in HUVECs when challenged with homocysteine, which was attenuated by pretreatment with α -zearalanol. This result implied that inhibition of nitrative stress might play a role in the protective effect of α -zearalanol on endothelial cells. Such discovery may shed a novel light on the antiatherogenic activities of α -zearalanol in hyperhomocysteinemia.

DOI10.1155/2013/813450
Alternate JournalBiomed Res Int