Photosensitizing effects of nanometer TiO2 on chlorothalonil photodegradation in aqueous solution and on the surface of pepper.

TitlePhotosensitizing effects of nanometer TiO2 on chlorothalonil photodegradation in aqueous solution and on the surface of pepper.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsTan Y, Xiong H, Shi T, Hua R, Wu X, Cao H, Li X, Tang J
JournalJournal of agricultural and food chemistry
Volume61
Issue21
Pagination5003-8
Date Published2013 May 29
Abstract

The present study examined the effects of anatase nanometer TiO2 on photochemical degradation of chlorothalonil in aqueous solution and on the plant surface. Results showed that nanometer TiO2 exhibited a strong photosensitizing effect on the degradation of chlorothalonil both in aqueous solution and on the surface of green pepper. The photosensitization rate was the highest in the sunlight compared to illumination under high-pressure mercury and UV lamps. Use of distinct hydroxyl radical scavengers indicated that nanometer TiO2 acted by producing hydroxyl radicals with strong oxidizing capacity. Notably, nanometer TiO2 facilitated complete photodegradation of chlorothalonil with no detectable accumulation of the intermediate chlorothalonil-4-hydroxy. Nanometer TiO2 was also active on the surface of green pepper under natural sunlight both inside and outside of plastic greenhouse. These results together suggest that nanometer TiO2 can be used as a photosensitizer to accelerate degradation of the pesticides under greenhouse conditions.

DOI10.1111/tpj.12228
Alternate JournalJ. Agric. Food Chem.