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Optimal design of an ultrasmall SOI-based 1 × 8 flat-top AWG by using an MMI.
|Title||Optimal design of an ultrasmall SOI-based 1 × 8 flat-top AWG by using an MMI.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Li H, Bai Y, Dong X, Li E, Li Y, Liu Y, Zhou W|
Four methods based on a multimode interference (MMI) structure are optimally designed to flatten the spectral response of silicon-on-insulator- (SOI-) based arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG) applied in a demodulation integration microsystem. In the design for each method, SOI is selected as the material, the beam propagation method is used, and the performances (including the 3 dB passband width, the crosstalk, and the insertion loss) of the flat-top AWG are studied. Moreover, the output spectrum responses of AWGs with or without a flattened structure are compared. The results show that low insertion loss, crosstalk, and a flat and efficient spectral response are simultaneously achieved for each kind of structure. By comparing the four designs, the design that combines a tapered MMI with tapered input/output waveguides, which has not been previously reported, was shown to yield better results than others. The optimized design reduced crosstalk to approximately -21.9 dB and had an insertion loss of -4.36 dB and a 3 dB passband width, that is, approximately 65% of the channel spacing.