O-Demethylations catalyzed by Rieske nonheme iron monooxygenases involve the difficult oxidation of a saturated C-H bond.

TitleO-Demethylations catalyzed by Rieske nonheme iron monooxygenases involve the difficult oxidation of a saturated C-H bond.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsJiang W, Wilson MA, Weeks DP
JournalACS chemical biology
Volume8
Issue8
Pagination1687-91
Date Published2013 Aug 16
Abstract

Dicamba monooxygenase (DMO) catalyzes the O-demethylation of dicamba (3,6-dichloro-2-methoxybenzoate) to produce 3,6-dichlorosalicylate and formaldehyde. Recent crystallographic studies suggest that DMO catalyzes the challenging oxidation of a saturated C-H bond within the methyl group of dicamba to form a hemiacetal intermediate. Testing of this hypothesis was made possible by our development of two new independent techniques. As a novel method to allow use of (18)O2 to follow reaction products, bisulfite was used to trap newly formed (18)O-formaldehyde in the stable adduct, hydroxymethanesulfonate (HMS(-)), and thereby prevent the rapid exchange of (18)O in formaldehyde with (16)O in water. The second technique utilized unique properties of Pseudomonas putida formaldehyde dehydrogenase that allow rapid conversion of (18)O-formaldehyde into stable and easily detectable (18)O-formic acid. Experiments using these two new techniques provided compelling evidence for DMO-catalyzed oxidation of the methyl group of dicamba, thus validating a mechanism for DMO [and for vanillate monooxygenase, a related Rieske nonheme iron monooxygenase] that involves the difficult oxidation of a saturated C-H bond.

DOI10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5730-12.2013
Alternate JournalACS Chem. Biol.