Novel polystyrene microspheres functionalized by imidazolium and the electrocatalytic activity towards H₂O₂ of its Prussian blue composite.

TitleNovel polystyrene microspheres functionalized by imidazolium and the electrocatalytic activity towards H₂O₂ of its Prussian blue composite.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsMao H, Song J, Zhang Q, Liu D, Gong N, Li Y, Wu Q, Verpoort F, Song X-M
JournalNanotechnology
Volume24
Issue21
Pagination215601
Date Published2013 May 31
Abstract

Copolymerization of styrene (St) and 1-vinyl-3-ethylimidazolium bromide (VEIB), novel poly(St-co-VEIB) microspheres were generated. Owing to the presence of imidazolium groups, such microspheres having an average diameter of 125 nm, behave electropositively when dispersed in aqueous solution. Furthermore, due to the presence of imidazolium groups, having a capacity of ion-exchange and weak reducibility on the surface of the PS microspheres, [Fe(CN)₆]³⁻ was absorbed on the surface of poly(St-co-VEIB) microspheres, and simultaneously, Fe³⁺ was reduced to Fe²⁺. Thus, in situ growth of Prussian blue (PB) nanoparticles could occur on the surface of poly(St-co-VEIB) microspheres without the addition of any other reducing agent. This methodology, utilizing the ion-exchange and weak reducibility properties of the imidazolium groups on the surface of micro-/nanostructures is a novel general method for assembling hierarchical nanostructured materials. Finally, the electrochemical property of the strawberry-like PS/PB composite microspheres was also investigated by applying a glassy carbon electrode. A good repeatability of the cyclic voltammetry responses, having a good linearity and sensitivity, for the electrocatalytic reduction of H₂O₂ was obtained.

DOI10.1371/journal.pntd.0002285
Alternate JournalNanotechnology