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Monoclonal antibody preparation of Golgi phosphoprotein 2 and preliminary application in the early diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma.
|Title||Monoclonal antibody preparation of Golgi phosphoprotein 2 and preliminary application in the early diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Ju Q, Zhao Y, Liu Y, Zhou G, Li F, Xie P, Li Y, Li G-C|
|Journal||Molecular medicine reports|
|Date Published||2013 Aug|
Golgi phosphoprotein 2 (Golph2) is a type II Golgi‑specific membrane protein, which has been found to be overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. The sensitivity of diagnosis of HCC using Golph2 (76%) was markedly elevated compared with alpha‑fetoprotein (AFP) (70%), and Golph2 is expected to be a novel and effective serum biomarker for the diagnosis of HCC. The aim of this study was to prepare monoclonal antibodies against Golph2 and to establish double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (s-ELISA), which will be used in diagnostics, therapeutics and as a tool in understanding the role of Golph2 in the pathogenesis of liver diseases and cancer. In this study, fusion protein TRX-Golph2 was expressed and purified using an Escherichia coli system. BALB/c mice were immunized with TRX-Golph2 recombinant protein. The hybridoma technique was used for the production of anti-Golph2 monoclonal antibody. Hybridoma clones were screened using indirect ELISA and anti-Golph2 monoclonal antibody was produced in the ascites of BALB/c mice. The specificity of anti-Golph2 monoclonal antibody was detected by western blot analysis and immunocytochemistry. s-ELISA was established using horseradish peroxidase (HRP)‑labeled anti-Golph2 monoclonal antibody and used to detect the antigen in the serum of HCC patients. As a result, five stable hybridoma cell clones (5C6D5, 5B7F5, 7F5F3, 8A7B4, 8C9E8) producing anti-Golph2 monoclonal antibody were established. The highest titer of anti-Golph2 monoclonal antibody (5C6D5) was 1:51,200. Western blot analysis revealed that anti-Golph2 monoclonal antibody had a high specificity for Golph2 protein. Anti-Golph2 monoclonal antibody was HRP-labeled and the optimal working concentration was found to be 1:500. The levels of antigen in a proportion of HCC patients were shown to be significantly higher compared to those found in healthy controls.
|Alternate Journal||Mol Med Rep|