miR-449b inhibits the proliferation of SW1116 colon cancer stem cells through downregulation of CCND1 and E2F3 expression.

TitlemiR-449b inhibits the proliferation of SW1116 colon cancer stem cells through downregulation of CCND1 and E2F3 expression.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsFang Y, Gu X, Li Z, Xiang J, Chen Z
JournalOncology reports
Volume30
Issue1
Pagination399-406
Date Published2013 Jul
Abstract

Colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Cancer stem cells are cell populations with stem cell nature presenting in tumor tissues and are the root of tumor formation and metastasis. CCND1 and E2F3 play important roles in cell cycle regulation. The 3'UTRs of CCND1 and E2F3 contain miR-449 binding sites. By transfecting pre-miR-449b and inhibiting miR-449b, we found that cell cycle, cell proliferation ability and cell cycle regulatory protein expression levels of colon cancer stem cells were altered. The correlation between CCND1, E2F3 and miR-449b showed that miR-449b could downregulate CCND1 and E2F3 expression. This, in turn, reduced the proliferative ability of colon cancer stem cells. These data suggest that miR-449b plays a tumor-suppressive role in colon cancer stem cells.

DOI10.3389/fonc.2013.00183
Alternate JournalOncol. Rep.