MicroRNA-449a is downregulated in non-small cell lung cancer and inhibits migration and invasion by targeting c-Met.

TitleMicroRNA-449a is downregulated in non-small cell lung cancer and inhibits migration and invasion by targeting c-Met.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLuo W, Huang B, Li Z, Li H, Sun L, Zhang Q, Qiu X, Wang E
JournalPloS one
Volume8
Issue5
Paginatione64759
Date Published2013
Abstract

MicroRNA-449a is expressed at a low level in several tumors and cancer cell lines, and induces G1 arrest, apoptosis, and senescence. To identify the function of miR-449a in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we discussed the potential relevance of miR-449a to clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis in NSCLC. We also investigated the impact of miR-449a on migration and invasion in NSCLC cells. The expression of miR-449a in NSCLC tissues and cell lines was detected using RT-qPCR. In vitro, gain-of-function, loss-of-function experiments, and fluorescence assays were performed to identify the potential target of miR-449a and the function of miR-449a in NSCLC cells. MiR-449a was downregulated in both NSCLC tissues and cell lines. Moreover, a low expression level of miR-449a appeared to be correlated with lymph node metastasis and poor survival. In vitro, miR-449 regulated cell migration and invasion in NSCLC cells as a potential tumor suppressor, at least in part by targeting c-Met. Furthermore, reciprocal expression of miR-449a and c-Met was shown in NSCLC tissue samples. This study indicates that miR-449a might be associated with NSCLC progression, and suggests a crucial role for miR-449a in NSCLC.

DOI10.1155/2013/321067
Alternate JournalPLoS ONE