MicroRNA-373 is upregulated and targets TNFAIP1 in human gastric cancer, contributing to tumorigenesis.

TitleMicroRNA-373 is upregulated and targets TNFAIP1 in human gastric cancer, contributing to tumorigenesis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsZhang X, Li X, Tan Z, Liu X, Yang C, Ding X, Hu X, Zhou J, Xiang S, Zhou C, Zhang J
JournalOncology letters
Volume6
Issue5
Pagination1427-1434
Date Published2013 Nov
Abstract

The role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating gene expression is currently an area of intense interest. Previous studies have shown that miRNA-372 plays crucial roles in gastric tumorigenesis by targeting the mRNA of tumor necrosis factor, α-induced protein 1 (TNFAIP1). The present study showed that miR-373 is upregulated in gastric adenocarcinoma tissue and gastric carcinoma cell lines when compared to normal gastric tissues. The overexpression of miR-373 in the gastric cancer cells increased cell proliferation. A bioinformatics search revealed a conserved target site within the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of TNFAIP1, an immediate-early response gene of the endothelium induced by TNF-α. The overexpression of miR-373 caused the suppression of a luciferase reporter containing the TNFAIP1 3'UTR in the HEK293 cells and reduced the levels of TNFAIP1 protein in the AGS cells. The mRNA levels of TNFAIP1 in the gastric cancer and normal gastric tissues were negatively correlated with the expression levels of miR-373 in these tissues. Moreover, the knockdown of TNFAIP1 had a similar effect to the overexpression of miR-373. The overexpression of TNFAIP1 may partly rescue the inhibition of proliferation caused by the inhibitor, miR-373-ASO. Taken together, these findings demonstrate an oncogenic role for miR-373, similar to that of miR-372, in controlling cell growth through the downregulation of TNFAIP1.

DOI10.1159/000354093
Alternate JournalOncol Lett