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Microinjection of adenosine into the hypothalamic ventrolateral preoptic area enhances wakefulness via the A1 receptor in rats.
|Title||Microinjection of adenosine into the hypothalamic ventrolateral preoptic area enhances wakefulness via the A1 receptor in rats.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Zhang J, Yin D, Wu F, Zhang G, Jiang C, Li Z, Wang L, Wang K|
|Date Published||2013 Aug|
Adenosine (AD) is a nucleic acid component that is critical for energy metabolism in the body. AD modulates numerous neural functions in the central nervous system, including the sleep-wake cycle. Previous studies have indicated that the A1 receptor (A1R) or A2A receptor (A2AR) may mediate the effects of AD on the sleep-wake cycle. The hypothalamic ventrolateral preoptic area (VLPO) initiates and maintains normal sleep. Histological studies have shown A1R are widely expressed in brain tissue, whereas A2AR expression is limited in the brain and undetectable in the VLPO. We hypothesize therefore, that AD modulates the sleep-wake cycle through A1R in the VLPO. In the present study, bilateral microinjection of AD or an AD transporter inhibitor (s-(4-nitrobenzyl)-6-thioinosine) into the VLPO of rats decreased non-rapid eye movement (NREM) and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. An A1R agonist (N6-cyclohexyladenosine) produced similar effects in the VLPO. Microinjection of an A1R antagonist (8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dimethylxanthine) into the VLPO enhanced NREM sleep and diminished AD-induced wakefulness. These data indicate that AD enhances wakefulness in the VLPO via A1R in rats.
|Alternate Journal||Neurochem. Res.|