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Lysophosphatidic acid promotes secretion of VEGF by increasing expression of 150-kD Oxygen-regulated protein (ORP150) in mesenchymal stem cells.
|Title||Lysophosphatidic acid promotes secretion of VEGF by increasing expression of 150-kD Oxygen-regulated protein (ORP150) in mesenchymal stem cells.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Wei H, Wang F, Wang X, Yang J, Li Z, Cong X, Chen X|
|Journal||Biochimica et biophysica acta|
|Date Published||2013 Aug|
We previously reported that transplantation of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) treated mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) enhances capillary density in the myocardium and improves myocardial function in the ischemic heart. This effect may be mediated through the release of paracrine factors by MSC and potentially involves pro-angiogenic molecules such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). In this study, we examined the pharmacological and molecular regulation of VEGF secretion induced by LPA in rat MSCs. We showed that LPA stimulated VEGF secretion in MSCs but not in cardiomyocytes or cardiac fibroblasts. LPA-induced VEGF secretion occurred at the post-transcriptional levels and was mediated through the classical ER/Golgi-dependent protein secretory route. LPA also increased ORP150 protein expression. Inhibition of ORP150 upregulation by siRNA knockdown attenuated LPA-induced VEGF secretion. On the other hand, diazoxide, an activator of KATP channel, markedly inhibited LPA-induced ORP150 expression and VEGF secretion. Meanwhile, ATP concentration dependently increased VEGF secretion. In addition, l-Glutamate and NH4Cl significantly reduced VEGF secretion. Furthermore, inhibition of two major subtypes of LPA receptors by Ki16425 and specific siRNA for LPA receptors prevented LPA-induced VEGF secretion and ORP150 expression. Lastly, inhibition of Gi protein that couples with LPA receptors by PTX and siRNA knockdown had no effect on LPA-induced VEGF secretion. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that LPA promotes VEGF secretion at the post-translation level by up-regulating ORP150 expression. Both LPA1 and LPA3 are involved in the LPA-induced VEGF secretion that is independent of Gi protein coupling but associated with the inactivation of KATP channels and inhibition of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity.
|Alternate Journal||Biochim. Biophys. Acta|