News & Updates
Search Research Content
Resource Finder at Kennedy Krieger Institute
A free resource that provides access to information and support for individuals and families living with developmental disabilities.
Language, social, and executive functions in high functioning autism: a continuum of performance.
|Title||Language, social, and executive functions in high functioning autism: a continuum of performance.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||Landa RJ, Goldberg MC|
|Journal||Journal of autism and developmental disorders|
|Date Published||2005 Oct|
This study examined language and executive functions (EF) in high-functioning school-aged individuals with autism and individually matched controls. Relationships between executive, language, and social functioning were also examined. Participants with autism exhibited difficulty on measures of expressive grammar, figurative language, planning, and spatial working memory. A mixed profile of impaired and enhanced abilities was noted in set-shifting. While controls showed the typical increase in errors when shifting sets from an intra-dimensional to an extra-dimensional stimulus, this pattern was not noted in participants with autism. Relationships between EF, language, and social performance were weak to non-existent. Implications for theories of core deficit in autism and dissociable nature of the language and executive impairments in autism are discussed.
|Alternate Journal||J Autism Dev Disord|