IDH1/2 mutations target a key hallmark of cancer by deregulating cellular metabolism in glioma.

TitleIDH1/2 mutations target a key hallmark of cancer by deregulating cellular metabolism in glioma.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsZhang C, Moore LM, Li X, Yung AWK, Zhang W
JournalNeuro-oncology
Volume15
Issue9
Pagination1114-26
Date Published2013 Sep
Abstract

Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) enzymes have recently become a focal point for research aimed at understanding the biology of glioma. IDH1 and IDH2 are mutated in 50%-80% of astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, oligoastrocytomas, and secondary glioblastomas but are seldom mutated in primary glioblastomas. Gliomas with IDH1/2 mutations always harbor other molecular aberrations, such as TP53 mutation or 1p/19q loss. IDH1 and IDH2 mutations may serve as prognostic factors because patients with an IDH-mutated glioma survive significantly longer than those with an IDH-wild-type tumor. However, the molecular pathogenic role of IDH1/2 mutations in the development of gliomas is unclear. The production of 2-hydroxyglutarate and enhanced NADP+ levels in tumor cells with mutant IDH1/2 suggest mechanisms through which these mutations contribute to tumorigenesis. Elucidating the pathogenesis of IDH mutations will improve understanding of the molecular mechanisms of gliomagenesis and may lead to development of a new molecular classification system and novel therapies.

DOI10.1093/glycob/cwt054
Alternate JournalNeuro-oncology